Health IT and Electronic Health Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing health IT and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • O

    Office for Civil Rights (OCR)

    The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is an organization within the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS),

  • ONC (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology)

    The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, abbreviated ONC, is an entity within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

  • OpenEMR

    OpenEMR is free, open source software for the health care industry. OpenEMR integrates medical practice management, electronic medical record (EMR), patient scheduling and electronic billing functionality.

  • P

    PACS (picture archiving and communication system)

    PACS (picture archiving and communication system) is a medical imaging technology used primarily in healthcare organizations to securely store and digitally transmit electronic images and clinically-relevant reports.

  • patient engagement

    Patient engagement is an ideal healthcare situation in which people are well-informed about -- and motivated to be involved -- in their own medical care.

  • patient record locator

    A patient record locator is a computer service that allows doctors and nurses to obtain a patient’s electronic health records including electronic medical records, ambulatory medical record and prescription data.

  • personal health record (PHR)

    A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual it pertains to.

  • pharmaceutical detailing

    Detailing is a marketing technique used by pharmaceutical companies wherein a pharmaceutical representative visits and attempts to persuade a doctor to prescribe a certain company’s product more often.

  • PHI breach (protected health information breach)

    A PHI breach is unauthorized access, use or disclosure of individually identifiable health information that is held or transmitted by a healthcare organization or its business associates.

  • population health management (PHM)

    Population health management (PHM) is a discipline within the healthcare industry that studies and facilitates care delivery across the general population or a group of individuals.

  • Practice Fusion

    Practice Fusion Inc. is a San Francisco-based company that developed a free electronic health record (EHR) system available to physicians as software as a service (SaaS).

  • precision medicine (PM)

    Precision medicine (PM) is a rapidly evolving development in healthcare in which physicians and other caregivers consider differences in genes, socioeconomic status and lifestyles when devising treatment regimens for patients.

  • problem list

    A problem list is a document that catalogs a patient's health problems, including nontransitive illnesses, injuries and anything else that has or is affecting the patient.

  • protected health information (PHI) or personal health information

    Protected health information (PHI), also referred to as personal health information, generally refers to demographic information, medical histories, test and laboratory results, mental health conditions, insurance information, and other data that a healthcare professional collects to identify an individual and determine appropriate care.

  • Public Health Data Standards Consortium (PHDSC)

    The Public Health Data Standards Consortium (referred to as PHDSC or the Consortium) is an independent agency that focuses on improvements in health information technology for both the health care industry and the public health market.

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