Health IT and Electronic Health Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing health IT and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • E

    electronic health record (EHR)

    An electronic health record (EHR) is an individual's official health document that is shared among multiple facilities and agencies.

  • electronic intensive care unit (eICU)

    An Electronic Intensive Care Unit (eICU) is a form of telemedicine that utilizes state of the art technology to provide an additional layer of critical care service. An eICU support center can provide care to patients in multiple hospitals.

  • electronic medical billing

    Electronic medical billing is the process by which a health care provider electronically submits a bill, or claim, to a health insurance company, or payer, for the rendering of medical services.

  • electronic protected health information (ePHI)

    Electronic protected health information (ePHI) refers to any protected health information (PHI) that is covered under Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) security regulations and is produced, saved, transferred or received in an electronic form.

  • enterprise master patient index (EMPI)

    An enterprise master patient index (EMPI) is a database that is used to maintain consistent and accurate information about each patient registered by a healthcare organization.

  • Epic Systems

    Epic Systems is one of the largest providers of health information technology, used primarily by large U.S. hospitals and health systems to access, organize, store and share electronic medical records.

  • F

    FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration)

    The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) regulates the production and sale of food, medicine, health technology and cosmetic products. The FDA, also called the USFDA, approves drugs and medical devices for sale and recalls unsafe products.

  • Federal Health Architecture (FHA)

    The Federal Health Architecture (FHA) is an initiative led by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) to coordinate the health information technology efforts of the nearly two dozen federal agencies that provide health care services.

  • Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE)

    Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE) is a health information sharing project that allows the Department of Defense to share service members’ personal health information in a joint storage area also accessible by the Veterans Health Administration. This information includes demographics, any medication taken and lab results.

  • fee-for-service (FFS)

    Fee-for-service (FFS) is a payment model in which doctors, hospitals, and medical practices charge separately for each service they perform.

  • FHIR (Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources)

    Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is an interoperability standard for electronic exchange of healthcare information.

  • formulary

    A formulary is a list of prescription drugs that are covered by a specific health care plan.

  • G

    GE Healthcare

    GE Healthcare is a subsidiary of General Electric Co., that focuses on new developments in health information technology (HIT) such as more advanced medical imaging technology and patient monitoring systems.

  • genomics

    Genomics is the study of human genes and chromosomes.

  • Google Health

    Google Health is a personal health record (PHR) service that allows users to centrally store and manage their health information online. The application is free but requires a Google account.

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