Hospital IT applications Definitions

  • P

    patient engagement

    Patient engagement is an ideal healthcare situation in which people are well-informed about -- and motivated to be involved -- in their own medical care.

  • patient-generated health data (PGHD)

    Patient-generated health data (PGHD) is data created, recorded or gathered by or from patients, family members or caregivers to help address a medical concern.

  • personal health record (PHR)

    A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual it pertains to.

  • point of care (POC) testing

    Point of care (POC) testing is medical testing that is performed outside of a laboratory setting. Common examples of POC test tools include blood glucose monitors, thermometers, home pregnancy tests and rapid strep tests.

  • population health management (PHM)

    Population health management (PHM) is a discipline within the healthcare industry that studies and facilitates care delivery across the general population or a group of individuals.

  • precision medicine (PM)

    Precision medicine (PM) is a rapidly evolving development in healthcare in which physicians and other caregivers consider differences in genes, socioeconomic status and lifestyles when devising treatment regimens for patients.

  • problem list

    A problem list is a document that catalogs a patient's health problems, including nontransitive illnesses, injuries and anything else that has or is affecting the patient.

  • protected health information (PHI) or personal health information

    Protected health information (PHI), also referred to as personal health information, generally refers to demographic information, medical histories, test and laboratory results, mental health conditions, insurance information, and other data that a healthcare professional collects to identify an individual and determine appropriate care.

  • R

    Radiology Information System (RIS)

    A RIS is the traditional core software system for electronically managing medical images, scheduling and billing in hospital radiology departments and physician practices.

  • revenue cycle management (RCM)

    Revenue cycle management (RCM) is the financial process, utilizing medical billing software, that healthcare facilities use to track patient care episodes from registration and appointment scheduling to the final payment of a balance.

  • RxNorm

    RxNorm is a catalog of the standard names given to clinical drugs and drug delivery devices in the United States to enable interoperability and clear communication between electronic systems, regardless of software and hardware compatibility.

  • T

    telepathology

    Telepathology is the area of telemedicine involving the transmission of pathological specimen images for remote study and diagnosis of disease.

  • telestroke (telestroke services)

    Telestroke is a web-based approach to treating stroke victims who have not been admitted to a hospital. In its most basic form, a telestroke system requires a neurologist and attending nurse to have a high-speed Internet connection and videoconferencing capabilities through a phone, laptop, tablet or desktop computer.

  • U

    U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM)

    The U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) is the largest biomedical library in the world.

  • V

    vendor neutral archive (VNA)

    A vendor neutral archive (VNA) is a technology that stores medical images in a standard format and interface, making them accessible to healthcare professionals regardless of what proprietary system created the images.

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