The Continuity of Care Document (CCD) is an electronic document exchange standard for sharing patient summary information.
The Continuity of Care Record, or CCR, is a standard for the creation of electronic summaries of patient health. Its aim is to improve the quality of health care and to reduce medical errors by making current information readily available to physicians.
Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is an interoperability standard for electronic exchange of healthcare information.
Health information exchange (HIE) is the electronic transmission of healthcare-related data among medical facilities, health information organizations -- companies that oversee and govern the exchange of this data -- and government agencies according to national standards.