Interoperability Definitions

  • #

    21st Century Cures Act

    The 21st Century Cures Act is a wide-ranging healthcare bill that funds medical research and development, medical device innovation, mental health research and care, opioid addiction treatment and prevention, and health information technology.

  • A

    Amalga

    Amalga is a health IT data integration platform designed to retrieve and display healthcare-related information from various sources, including scanned documents, lab results, dictated notes and images such as X-rays, EKGs and MRIs.

  • B

    Bidirectional Health Information Exchange (BHIE)

    Bidirectional Health Information Exchange (BHIE) is a health information sharing project that builds on the previously established Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE) program. The BHIE allows for two-way sharing of PHI data between the Department of Defense and the Veterans Health Administration. The data shared under BHIE includes pre- and post-deployment physicals and progress notes.

  • Biosense

    Biosense is the first foray into the field of bioinformatics for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

  • C

    Cerner Corp.

    Cerner Corp. is a public company in North Kansas City, Mo., that provides various health information technologies, ranging from medical devices to electronic health records (EHR) to hardware.

  • Clinical Data Repository/Health Data Repository (CHDR)

    Clinical Data Repository/Health Data Repository (CHDR) is a storage interface between the data repositories of the Department of Defense and the Veterans Administration. It supports bidirectional data exchange of pharmaceutical data.

  • Consolidated Health Informatics (CHI)

    The Consolidated Health Informatics (CHI) initiative refers to a collaborative effort to create and adopt health informatics standards to be used by federal departments such as the Department of Health & Human Services and the Department of Veterans Affairs.

  • E

    eHealth Initiative

    The eHealth Initiative is an independent, nonprofit organization that engages doctors and patients in order to standardize and reform the use of health information technology (HIT) to improve patient care in the United States

  • Epic Systems

    Epic Systems is one of the largest providers of health information technology, used primarily by large U.S. hospitals and health systems to access, organize, store and share electronic medical records.

  • F

    Federal Health Architecture (FHA)

    The Federal Health Architecture (FHA) is an initiative led by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) to coordinate the health information technology efforts of the nearly two dozen federal agencies that provide health care services.

  • Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE)

    Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE) is a health information sharing project that allows the Department of Defense to share service members’ personal health information in a joint storage area also accessible by the Veterans Health Administration. This information includes demographics, any medication taken and lab results.

  • FHIR (Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources)

    Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is an interoperability standard for electronic exchange of healthcare information.

  • H

    Health Information Exchange (HIE)

    Health information exchange (HIE) is the electronic transmission of healthcare-related data among medical facilities, health information organizations -- companies that oversee and govern the exchange of this data -- and government agencies according to national standards.

  • Health IT (health information technology)

    Health IT (health information technology) is the area of IT involving the design, development, creation, use and maintenance of information systems for the healthcare industry.

  • HIMSS (Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society)

    The Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) is a nonprofit organization whose goal is to promote the best use of IT and management systems in the healthcare industry.

  • HITSP

    HITSP (Healthcare Information Technology Standards Panel) is an organization created to promote standardization and broad scale interoperability among healthcare applications and information systems. The Panel is made up of healthcare experts from both the public and private sectors and includes caregivers, developers, government agencies and end users.

  • hybrid health record (HHR)

    A hybrid health record (HHR) is documentation of an individual's health information that is tracked in multiple formats and stored in multiple places. Today, the majority of health records in the United States are considered to be hybrid.

  • I

    information blocking

    Information blocking occurs when a person or entity purposely and unreasonably interferes with the sharing or use of electronic health information.

  • L

    Laboratory Data Sharing Interoperability (LDSI)

    Laboratory Data Sharing Interoperability (LDSI) is an initiative that allows chemistry and hematology lab tests and results to be shared between the Veterans Administration, the Department of Defense and private or commercial laboratories.

  • N

    National Alliance for Health Information Technology (NAHIT)

    The National Alliance for Health Information Technology, or NAHIT, was formed in 2002 in an effort to promote the use of health IT.

  • National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII)

    The National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) was a government initiative first proposed under former President George W. Bush that targeted the improvement of health care by setting standards for interoperability.

  • Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN)

    The Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN) is a set of standards, services and policies that enable secure health information exchange (HIE) over the Internet.

  • NHIN Direct

    NHIN Direct is a project being developed by the Nationwide Health Information Network that aims to enable secure health information exchange (HIE) over the Internet for primary care physicians, specialists and public health agencies.

  • O

    ONC (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology)

    The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, abbreviated ONC, is an entity within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

  • P

    Public Health Data Standards Consortium (PHDSC)

    The Public Health Data Standards Consortium (referred to as PHDSC or the Consortium) is an independent agency that focuses on improvements in health information technology for both the health care industry and the public health market.

  • R

    RxNorm

    RxNorm is a catalog of the standard names given to clinical drugs and drug delivery devices in the United States to enable interoperability and clear communication between electronic systems, regardless of software and hardware compatibility.

  • S

    SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine -- Clinical Terms)

    SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine -- Clinical Terms) is a standardized, multilingual vocabulary of clinical terminology that is used by physicians and other health care providers for the electronic exchange of clinical health information.

  • U

    Unified Medical Language System (UMLS)

    Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is a comprehensive list of biomedical terms for developing computer systems capable of understanding the specialized vocabulary used in biomedicine and health care.

  • Institute for Health Technology Transformation (iHT2)

    Institute for Health Technology Transformation (iHT2) is an organization dedicated to fostering the use of technology within both the public and private sectors of the health care industry.

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