Health IT and Electronic Health Definitions

  • M

    Microsoft HealthVault

    Microsoft HealthVault, which launched in October 2007, is a free personal health record (PHR) service offered by Microsoft that allows individuals to store personal health and fitness information in a central location. The Web-based service is available to anyone with a Microsoft account.

  • N

    National Alliance for Health Information Technology (NAHIT)

    The National Alliance for Health Information Technology, or NAHIT, was formed in 2002 in an effort to promote the use of health IT.

  • National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS)

    The National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS) is an advisory body to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS).

  • National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII)

    The National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) was a government initiative first proposed under former President George W. Bush that targeted the improvement of health care by setting standards for interoperability.

  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the principal federal agency for health research in the United States. The NIH is part of the Department of Health and Human Services.

  • national provider identifier (NPI)

    A national provider identifier (NPI) is a unique ten-digit identification number required by HIPAA for covered healthcare providers in the United States.

  • National Quality Forum (NQF)

    The National Quality Forum (NQF) is a nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C. that is dedicated to improving the quality of health care in the United States. To that end, the NQF embodies a three-part mission -- to set goals for performance improvement, to endorse standards for measuring and reporting on performance and to promote educational and outreach programs. NQF members include purchasers, physicians, nurses, hospitals, certification bodies and fellow quality improvement organizations.

  • National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP)

    The National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) is a federal program run by the National Institute of Standards and Technology that provides third-party accreditation to laboratories in the U.S.

  • Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN)

    The Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN) is a set of standards, services and policies that enable secure health information exchange (HIE) over the Internet.

  • NHIN Direct

    NHIN Direct is a project being developed by the Nationwide Health Information Network that aims to enable secure health information exchange (HIE) over the Internet for primary care physicians, specialists and public health agencies.

  • O

    Office for Civil Rights (OCR)

    The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is an organization within the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS),

  • ONC (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology)

    The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, abbreviated ONC, is an entity within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

  • OpenEMR

    OpenEMR is free, open source software for the health care industry. OpenEMR integrates medical practice management, electronic medical record (EMR), patient scheduling and electronic billing functionality.

  • P

    PACS (picture archiving and communication system)

    PACS, or picture archiving and communication system, is a medical imaging technology used for storing, retrieving, presenting and sharing images produced by various medical hardware modalities, such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI and ultrasound machines.

  • patient record locator

    A patient record locator is a computer service that allows doctors and nurses to obtain a patient’s electronic health records including electronic medical records, ambulatory medical record and prescription data.

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