Health IT and Electronic Health Definitions

  • E

    expert system

    An expert system is a program that uses artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to simulate the knowledge and judgment of humans. Expert systems usually include a subject-specific knowledge base and can have additional modules added to expand their capacities.

  • F

    FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration)

    The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) regulates the production and sale of food, medicine, health technology and cosmetic products. The FDA, also called the USFDA, approves drugs and medical devices for sale and recalls unsafe products.

  • Federal Health Architecture (FHA)

    The Federal Health Architecture (FHA) is an initiative led by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) to coordinate the health information technology efforts of the nearly two dozen federal agencies that provide health care services.

  • Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE)

    Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE) is a health information sharing project that allows the Department of Defense to share service members’ personal health information in a joint storage area also accessible by the Veterans Health Administration. This information includes demographics, any medication taken and lab results.

  • FHIR (Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources)

    Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is an interoperability standard for electronic exchange of healthcare information.

  • formulary

    A formulary is a list of prescription drugs that are covered by a specific health care plan.

  • G

    GE Healthcare

    GE Healthcare is a subsidiary of General Electric Co., that focuses on new developments in health information technology (HIT) such as more advanced medical imaging technology and patient monitoring systems.

  • genomics

    Genomics is the study of the human genome, and the chromosomes and genes it contains. Genomic studies can reveal specific details about the biology of a patient. That information can be used to reveal if a patient's genetic makeup is responsible for their condition and help map an individual treatment plan.

  • Google Health

    Google Health is a personal health record (PHR) service that allows users to centrally store and manage their health information online. The application is free but requires a Google account.

  • H

    HCCA (Health Care Compliance Association)

    The Health Care Compliance Association (HCCA) is a nonprofit, individual membership organization that aims to help health care professionals with ethics and compliance.

  • Health Alert Network

    Health Alert Network (HAN) is the early warning system run by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). It is a component of the Public Health Information Network (PHIN).

  • health apps

    Health apps are application programs that offer health-related services for smartphones and tablet PCs.

  • health care cloud

    A health care cloud is a cloud computing service used for the storage of personal health information (PHI) on the part of health care providers.

  • health informatics

    Health informatics, a term that includes narrower fields such as clinical and nursing informatics, is the study and management of health information.

  • health information exchange (HIE)

    Health information exchange (HIE) is the transmission of healthcare-related data among facilities, health information organizations (HIO) and government agencies according to national standards.

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